About The Civil Services Exam UPSC


Under Articles 315-323 of Part XIV Chapter II of the Indian Constitution, the UPSC is a constitutional body with the authority to carry out the responsibilities and obligations set forth in Article 320. To select applicants for various Group A and Group B Services of the Government of India on the basis of merit, the UPSC conducts various examinations in line with the Rules of Examination as announced by the Government of India in a just, fair, and impartial manner.

Phase 1: Prelims Examination Syllabus

Syllabus for Paper I (General Studies)

  • Current events of national and international importance

  • History of India and Indian National Movement

  • Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.

  • Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.

  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require any subject specialization

  • General Science

Just Do It!

Syllabus for Paper II (CSAT)

  • Comprehension

  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills;

  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability

  • Decision-making and problem solving

  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.

  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)

Phase 2: Mains Examination Syllabus (1750 Marks)


The purpose of the exam is to evaluate students’ comprehension of significant discursive prose and their ability to express themselves in both English and Hindi with clarity and accuracy.

The general format of the questions would be as follows:
  • Comprehension of given passages.

  • Precise Writing.

  • Usage and Vocabulary.

  • Short Essays.

Indian Languages :—
  • comprehension of given passages.

  • Precise Writing.

  • Usage and Vocabulary.

  • Short Essays.

  • Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa.


Essays on a variety of subjects may be asked of the candidates. They will be expected to write concisely and to stick strictly to the essay’s topic. They will also be expected to organise their thoughts. Effective and precise expression will receive credit.

Syllabus for General Studies Paper -I

General Studies Paper – I: Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society
  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.

  • The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors or contributions from different parts of the country.

  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc. – their forms and effect on the society.

  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

  • Effects of globalization on Indian society.

  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.

  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).

  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location – changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Syllabus for General Studies Paper -II

General Studies Paper – II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations
  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.

  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

  • Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector or Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

  • Role of civil services in a democracy.

  • India and its neighborhood- relations.

  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

Syllabus for General Studies Paper -III

General Studies Paper – III: Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management
  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

  • Government Budgeting.

  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing

  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

  • Land reforms in India.

  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc.

  • Investment models.

  • Science and Technology – developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

  • Disaster and disaster management.

  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.

  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Syllabus for General Studies Paper -IV

General Studies Paper – IV: Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude

In this essay, the candidates will be put to the test on their attitudes toward and methods for coping with issues like integrity, probity in public life, and how they approach addressing problems. The case study method may be used in questions to ascertain these elements. The broad areas listed below will be covered:

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, Determinants and Consequences of Ethics in - Human Actions; Dimensions of Ethics; Ethics - in Private and Public Relationships. Human Values - Lessons from the Lives and Teachings of Great Leaders, Reformers and Administrators; Role of Family Society and Educational Institutions in Inculcating Values.

  • InclusiAttitude: Content, Structure, Function; its Influence and Relation with Thought and Behaviour; Moral and Political Attitudes; Social Influence and Persuasion.ve growth and issues arising from it.

  • Aptitude and Foundational Values for Civil Service, Integrity, Impartiality and Non-partisanship, Objectivity, Dedication to Public Service, Empathy, Tolerance and Compassion towards the weaker-sections.

  • Emotional Intelligence-Concepts, and their Utilities and Application in Administration and Governance.

  • Contributions of Moral Thinkers and Philosophers from India and World.

  • Public/Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration: Status and Problems; Ethical Concerns and Dilemmas in Government and Private Institutions; Laws, Rules, Regulations and Conscience as Sources of Ethical Guidance; Accountability and Ethical Governance; Strengthening of Ethical and Moral Values in Governance; Ethical Issues in International Relations and Funding; Corporate Governance.

  • Probity in Governance: Concept of Public Service; Philosophical Basis of Governance and Probity; Information Sharing and Transparency in Government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work Culture, Quality of Service Delivery, Utilization of Public Funds, Challenges of Corruption.

  • Case Studies on above issues.


  • Agriculture

  • Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science

  • Anthropology

  • Botany

  • Chemistry

  • Civil Engineering

  • Commerce and Accountancy

  • Economics (ix) Electrical Engineering

  • Geography

  • Geology

  • History

  • Law

  • Management

  • Mathematics

  • Mechanical Engineering

  • Medical Science

  • Philosophy

  • Physics

  • Political Science and International Relations

  • Psychology

  • Public Administration

  • Sociology

  • Statistics

  • Zoology

  • Literature of any one of the following languages:

Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.

Phase-3: Interview/ Personality Test (275 marks)

Before the final results are announced, this is the last phase of the Civil Services Examination. For the purposes of merit ranking, it is recognised formally as the Interview/Personality Test and is a component of the Mains Examination. It is viewed as the third step from the perspective of preparation because the written and interview stages of preparation require different techniques and strategies. According to the IAS test pattern, the UPSC board will interview the candidates to determine whether they are qualified for a career in the civil service and the duties that go along with the position. The panel is made up of knowledgeable, objective observers who are familiar with the candidates’ professional histories (filled by the candidate in the Detailed Application Form).The panel is made up of knowledgeable, objective observers who are familiar with the candidates’ professional histories (filled by the candidate in the Detailed Application Form). By asking questions of public interest, the board would assess the candidates’ mental, emotional, and social characteristics. Mental acuity, critical powers of assimilation, attitude, clear and logical presentation, a balance of judgement, range and depth of interest, aptitude for social cohesion and leadership, teamwork, intellectual and moral integrity are some of the attributes the board looks for.

Send Us A Message

Get In Touch


40 Mansinghwala Opp DBS PG College, Karanpur, Dehradun, Uttarakhand 248001




Follow Us


𝘜𝘵𝘵𝘢𝘳𝘢𝘬𝘩𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝐔𝐩𝐩𝐞𝐫 𝐏𝐂𝐒 + 𝐑𝐎/𝐀𝐑𝐎 + 𝘜𝘵𝘵𝘢𝘳𝘢𝘬𝘩𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝗟𝗼𝘄𝗲𝗿 𝗣𝗖𝗦

Get free Demo classes from 15-Feb-2023 (Wednesday) 2:00 pm to 5:30 pm onwards

For Online Classes please download our latest app from below URL